Industry 5.0, also known as the Fifth Industrial Revolution, stands for a sustainable, people-centered, and resilient production. Extending the concept and technologies of Industry 4.0, Industry 5.0 adds human capabilities and focuses on the importance of people in manufacturing. The aim is to find a balance between automation and human creativity thus enabling the coexistence of man and machine. In this way, Industry 5.0 goes beyond the original approach of technology-driven efficiency and economic growth. However, the concept not only focuses on people, but also pushes sustainability and resilience to the forefront.
The term was coined by the European Commission, which published a 48-page white paper with the title "Industry 5.0 – Towards a sustainable, human-centric and resilient European industry" in January 2021. As Industry 5.0, like the previous industrial revolutions, has been developing over time, no exact date is documented for its origin. The statements of the European Commission describe a paradigm shift following the first four industrial revolutions.
From Industrial Revolution to Industry 5.0
- The first industrial revolution began in the middle of the 18th century and culminated at the beginning of the 19th century. Mechanization powered by water and steam is considered the main achievement of the industrial revolution symbolized by the steam engine.
- The second industrial revolution dates back to the time between 1870 and 1920. It is characterized by mass production driven by electric energy and assembly lines. One of the capital innovations of this time is intensified mechanization.
- The third industrial revolution, or digital revolution, began with the triumphant advent of computers in the 1970s. Since then, electronics and IT are used to automate processes in manufacturing.
- The term Industry 4.0 was introduced around 2011 at the Hannover Messe. The number "4.0" of this fourth industrial revolution copies the way that software versions are typically named. Industry 4.0 focuses on networking machines and processes in manufacturing by means of information and communication technology. It is all about digitalization in manufacturing companies.
- Industry 5.0 emphasizes on the collaboration of people and intelligent machines. Industrial production integrates artificial intelligence (AI), advanced robotics, and the Internet of Things (IoT) in combination with big data and cloud computing. With this approach, companies strive to produce sustainably while respecting the needs of the employees at the same time.
How does MPDV contribute to Industry 5.0?
MPDV is participating in the FlexPro Research Project, which is focusing on and promoting a human-centered approach in the Smart Factory. MPDV and other research partners are developing a planning module for knowledge-based workforce planning in manufacturing. FlexPro was launched in the fall of 2021 and is expected to run for a total of three years. MPDV brings domain knowledge and established products to the research project. It is intended to add the findings from the research project to the flexible planning functions of the Advanced Planning and Scheduling Systems (APS) FEDRA in future.
MPDV provides a series of manufacturing apps promoting the aspect of sustainability. The label "Promoting Sustainability" has been assigned to all applications of the MPDV portfolio optimizing production with respect to one of the following aspects: The applications are ecological in the sense of environmental protection, economic with regard to efficiency, or with a long-term effect in terms of continuous improvement. The label shows users where they can possibly start and suggests suitable tools that help companies promote sustainable, efficient, resource- and energy-saving production in line with Industry 5.0.
- European Commission, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, Breque, M., De Nul, L., Petridis, A., Industry 5.0 – Towards a sustainable, human-centric and resilient European industry, Publications Office of the European Union, 2021, https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2777/308407
- Industrial Revolution: Wikipedia, 12.01.2024 [online] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution (requested on 19.01.2024).
- Fourth Industrial Revolution: Wikipedia, 10.01.2024 [online] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_Industrial_Revolution (requested on 19.01.2024).
- What is Industrie 4.0? (no date). https://www.plattform-i40.de/IP/Navigation/EN/Industrie40/WhatIsIndustrie40/what-is-industrie40.html (requested on (requested on 19.01.2024).